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Most commonly used terms around the pool deck.

Age group: Swimmers compete based on their age. Age groups are 5-6, 7-8, 9-10, 11-12, 13-14 and 15-18. For summer league, the age group your child will compete in is determined by their birthdate as of June 1st of the current year and your child has to be 5 years old by May 1st in order to participate on the Deerfield Swim Team.

Blocks: The platform at the starting end of the pool where the swimmer may dive from.

Course: Competition pools for summer league are short course pools (25 yards or 25 meters). A 25-yard short course pool is referred to as “SCY”, while a 25-meter short course pool is referred to as “SCM”. Since one meter is slightly longer than one yard, SCY times are faster than SCM times.

Deck: The area around the swimming pool reserved for swimmers, officials, and coaches.

Disqualification or DQ: Disqualifications can be for various rule infractions, including but not limited to: false starts, one-handed touches on breast stroke and butterfly, flutter kicks on butterfly or breast stroke, early starts on relays, and other strokes deemed “illegal” by the stroke and turn judges.

Entry: The Individual and Relay event each swimmer is entered in for a meet.

Event: The description of the race, stroke and distance. (e.g. 9-10 girls 25 Yard Freestyle)

False Start: a swimmer gets an unfair advantage by being in motion before the starting signal is given. Officials will disqualify a swimmer who executes a false start.

Flip Turn: In races greater than 25 Meters/Yards, the flip turn is the somersault-like move performed at the walls during freestyle or backstroke races to quickly change direction.

Heat:  An individual race within an event. Swimmers in a heat are grouped together by their seed time. Most heats can accommodate up to 8 swimmers at a time depending on pool size, number of lanes and number of swimmers.

Heat Sheet: The Heat Sheet is the swim meet program or schedule that identifies the event/heat/lane for each swimmer. The host team provides this information prior to each swim meet.

Individual Medley (IM): The event where the swimmer performs each of the four strokes in the order of butterfly, backstroke, breaststroke and freestyle. The distance announced is for the entire IM, and the swimmer performs each stroke for a quarter of the distance. For example, 100 IM = 25 butterfly, 25 backstroke, 25 breaststroke, 25 freestyle.

Lane: The individual sections of the pool where swimmers compete. These sections are numbered for easy identification.

Lane Lines: The floating markers which separate adjacent lanes. The first 5 yards (or meters) and the last 5 yards (or meters) of the lane line are usually marked as one solid color. This is to alert swimmers for turns.

Leg: Each swimmer in a relay swims a "leg" of the event.

Length: The extent of the pool from one end to the other. For example, if a pool is 25 meters long, a swimmer needs to swim 4 lengths to complete a 100 meter race.

Seeding: Seeding is the process of determining, in a given event, and based on entry limitations/times, which swimmers will be in which heats and lanes.

Meet Scoring – Individual (regular season meets): Individual events score six places using the three fastest times from each team. Points consisting of 7, 5, 4, 3, 2, 1 will be awarded to the three fastest swimmers on each team depending on how they finished relative to each other (i.e. fastest – 7 pts, 2nd fastest – 5 pts, etc). No team will score more than three places.

Heat ribbons follow the same color code, and are dependent on the number of lanes used. The home team will determine which age groups receive heat ribbons, but they are usually provided to at least the10&U swimmers.

Event ribbons shall be color-coded Blue, Red, White, Yellow, Green, and Purple for places 1st through 6th respectively, and awarded to the swimmers with the six fastest times in each event, regardless of team.

Meet Scoring – Relay (regular season meets): Relay events score four places using the two fastest times from each team.

Points consisting of 7, 5, 3, 1 will be awarded to the four fastest relay teams depending on how they finished relative to each other (i.e. fastest – 7 pts, 2nd fastest – 5 pts, etc). No team will score more than two places.

Event ribbons follow the same format as stated above and are awarded through 6th place.

Meet - Awarding of Ties: When two or more swimmers tie for any place, duplicate awards shall be given to each of the swimmers. In such cases, no awards will be given for the following place. For example, if two swimmers tie for 1st place, then both will receive blue ribbons and no second place ribbon will be given.

Meet - Scoring Ties: When two swimmers tie for any place in an event, the points normally awarded for that place and the following place will be summed and equally divided between the swimmers. For example, if two swimmers tie for first place, the scorer will add up the points associated with first and second place, and issue half of that point value to each swimmer. If three swimmers tie, the points normally awarded for that place and the following two places are summed and equally divided between the swimmers.

No Time (NT): This is listed next to a swimmer’s name in lieu of an entry/seed time on a heat sheet if the swimmer has never swam the event and distance.

Seed Time: The fastest time in which the swimmer has swum an event prior to the submission of entries for the meet. This is the time entered for the swimmer for the event.

Stroke and Turn Judge: Are the meet Officials in navy shorts and white polo shirts surrounding the pool.

Swimming Up: If we are short swimmers in a particular age group, the coach, at his/her discretion, may choose to "swim up" a swimmer from an appropriate age group. Swimmers may swim up in older age groups for regular season meets, but cannot swim down in younger age groups. For the championship meet, a swimmer must swim in their own age group for individual events. However, they may swim up to complete a relay if there are an insufficient number of swimmers in that higher age group.

Relay: Event in which 4 swimmers from the same team swim one at a time in a team effort. These commonly occur at the beginning and end of meets. Each swimmer swims an equal distance (or leg) of the race. There are two types of relays: Medley Relay involves all strokes (order is backstroke, breaststroke, butterfly, and freestyle) and Freestyle Relay where everyone swims freestyle.

Touch Pad: The removable plate that is connected to an automatic timing system. A swimmer must properly touch the touchpad to register an official time in a race.

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